New Education Policy Simplified

New Education Policy Simplified

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On July 29, 2020, the New Education Policy was launched by the Union cabinet aiming to improvise India’s education system. 

  • The New Education Policy 2020 is launched to make “India a global knowledge superpower”.
  • ICT-equipped adult education courses to be allowed in school complexes beyond school hours and public libraries.
  • Vocational education in school to get more importance. 50% of students must have exposure to vocational education by 2025. 
  • Vocational courses to be made available online. 10 days bagless period to be promoted during Grades 6-8 to intern with local vocational experts.
  • High-quality modules will be developed by NIOS to teach basic subjects via Indian Sign Language. 
  • The state government might encourage NCC wings under the Ministry of Defence for secondary and higher secondary schools.
  • A dedicated wing for digital learning under MHRD to overlook e-education for both school and higher education.
  • Technology-based learning options to be made available including online books, ICT-equipped libraries, apps, online courses satellite-based television, etc. 
  • Coding to be included in the curriculum from class 6 onwards.
  • Efforts to incentivize students of, ST, OBC, and other SEDGs by expanding National Scholarship Portal.
  • 4-year Integrated B.Ed degree to be Minimum qualification for teaching by 2030 formulated by NCTE. 
  • Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) to be a single umbrella of the regulatory body for higher education in India excluding medical and legal education.
  • HECI will have four independent verticals – National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard-setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation.
  • Educators with technical support to help disabled kids fully participate in regular schooling from the foundational stage to higher education.
  • “Bal Bhavans”- special day boarding schools established to be encouraged in every state.
  • Education sector to be allocated a budget of 6% of GDP.
  • Three- languages to be learned by children by choice of state, regions, and students. At Least two out of three must be Indian native languages.
  • Up to Grade 5 or preferably Grade 8 mode of instruction to ve regional language. 
  • Increased flexibility in subject choices, no hard separation among streams for ‘curricular’, ‘extracurricular’, or ‘co-curricular, among ‘arts’, ‘humanities’, and ‘sciences’, or between ‘vocational’ or ‘academic’ streams.
  • The new curricular structure of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18 will replace the 10+2 structure in school education. Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) from age 3 are included.
  • Hands-on learning to be promoted in every stage of education with a focus on problem-solving and idea implementation.
  • The curriculum will be reduced to essential material only.
  • Nutrition and health to be a priority. Regular check-ups for school students.
  • Boards will be conducted in viable options like annual, semester, modular exams.
  • The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a common entrance test for all University entrance exams.
  • Multiple exits to be allowed in undergraduate degree courses. After completing 1 year in a discipline certificate will be provided, diploma after 2 years of study, a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme. The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programme will be the preferred option.
  • IIT will open doors to a multidisciplinary and holistic education for students of arts and humanities.
  • An Academic bank will be established to store credits.
  • India will establish itself as a global study destination providing premium education at affordable costs. International Students Office to set up for foreign students in each institution.
  • Best worldwide universities to set foot in India.
  • National Research Foundation (NRF), independently governed by the Indian Government will be established consisting of the best researchers and innovators across fields.

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